Category Archives: Papers – Μελέτες

Byzantine Yperpyra And Venetian Ducats: Missing Pieces In The Puzzle Of Monetary Theory

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Paper published in Economic Alternatives journal, vol 12, no 3, pp. 419-434.

https://www.academia.edu/37859473/Byzantine_Yperpyra_And_Venetian_Ducats_Missing_Pieces_In_The_Puzzle_Of_Monetary_Theory

Abstract:

The paper stems from a greater project on economic history concerning the monetary system and policies of medieval and renaissance Venice, with a special focus on Venice’s colony of Crete. The Venetian monetary system included various currencies, both minted and virtual, and it was intertwined with the currencies that already existed or appeared in the Eastern Mediterranean during the Venetian imperial era. I examine actual historical examples through the lenses of both mainstream and heterodox monetary theories in order to show the complexity of monetary practices under real conditions and how the available monetary theories need further sophistication in order to explain and systemize our understanding of monetary phenomena.

To make the research inquiry clearer, I focus on two examples that seem to run counter to what current assumptions about monetary structures:
One case is that of the Byzantine yperpyron, a golden coin of the Eastern Roman Empire which seems to survive in Crete island, both the Venetian rule (starting in early 13th century) and the end of the Byzantine Empire itself (in 1453) and remained in circulation, mostly as a virtual currency or accounting unit, until 17th century, together with various other currencies circulating in the island.

The other case is the Venetian ducat itself, a golden coin minted by Venice from late 13th century onwards and well known for its quality of gold and value in international trade in both Mediterranean and Europe. Yet, it seems that the Venetians preferred to use other international currencies in domestic trade. There has been evidence that in some cases the never-debased golden ducat was not accepted in local transactions.

The paper attempts to set the grounds for further investigation and discussion concerning monetary phenomena and the issues those raise for monetary theory.

Keywords: Venice, Crete, monetary history, yperpyron, ducat, monetary theory
JEL Codes: B50, E42, N13, N23, P4, P5.

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Performing Values Practices and Grassroots Organizing: The Case of Solidarity Economy Initiatives in Greece

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Άρθρο που γράψαμε από κοινού με την Καθ. Μαρία Δασκαλάκη (University of Roehampton) και την Καθ. Μαριάννα Φωτάκη (University of Warwick) και δημοσιεύθηκε πρόσφατα στην επιθεώρηση Organisation Studies, 2018 – Online first.
https://www.academia.edu/37705867/Performing_Values_Practices_and_Grassroots_Organizing_The_Case_of_Solidarity_Economy_Initiatives_in_Greece

This is a paper co-authored with Prof. Maria Daskalaki (University of Roehampton) and Marianna Fotaki (University of Warwick) and published at Organisation Studies, 2018 – Online first.

Abstract
This article discusses solidarity economy initiatives as instances of grassroots organizing, and explores how ‘values practices’ are performed collectively during times of crisis. In focusing on how power, discourse and subjectivities are negotiated in the everyday practices of grassroots exchange networks (GENs) in crisis-stricken Greece, the study unveils and discusses three performances of values practices, namely mobilization of values, re-articulation of social relations, and sustainable living. Based on these findings, and informed by theoretical analyses of performativity, we propose a framework for studying the production and reproduction of values in the context of GENs, and the role of values in organizing alternatives.

Keywords: financial crisis, Gibson-Graham, grassroots exchange network (GEN), Greece, Judith Butler, performance, values practices

Συνοδευτικό κείμενο για την παρουσίαση “Φύση, χρυσός και αγώνες για τις αξίες – Compelementary text (in Greek) for presentation on “Nature, gold and struggles for values”

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Το συνοδευτικό κείμενο σχετικά με τις αντιλήψεις μας για τις αξίες και πώς κινήματα όπως αυτά στην Βόρεια Ελλάδα κατά των εξορύξεων χρυσού (Χαλκιδική – Σκουριές, Πέραμα, Σάπες), αναδιαμορφώνουν τόσο την πράξη όσο και την θεωρία για την αξία της φύσης, είναι στον σύνδεσμο

Complementary text – Συνοδευτικό κείμενο

This is a complementary text (in Greek) for the conference presentation “Nature, gold and struggles for values” presented on 11.11.2016 at the 13th Historical Materialism Conference. The full paper will be available the following months. The presentation files are available at the links below.

Το κείµενο γράφτηκε ως συνοδευτικό υλικό για την παρουσίαση της µελέτης «Φύση, χρυσός και αγώνες για τις αξίες», που παρουσιάστηκε την 11-11-2016 στο Ετήσιο Συνέδριο Ιστορικού Υλισµού, στο Λονδίνο. Η πλήρης µελέτη πρόκειται να δηµοσιευθεί σε λίγο καιρό στην Αγγλική γλώσσα. Η παρουσίαση στα ελληνικά είναι στο σύνδεσμο https://www.academia.edu/30466197/%CE%A6%CF%8D%CF%83%CE%B7_%CF%87%CF%81%CF%85%CF%83%CF%8C%CF%82_%CE%BA%CE%B1%CE%B9_%CE%B1%CE%B3%CF%8E%CE%BD%CE%B5%CF%82_%CE%B3%CE%B9%CE%B1_%CF%84%CE%B9%CF%82_%CE%B1%CE%BE%CE%AF%CE%B5%CF%82

και στα αγγλικά https://www.academia.edu/30466154/Nature_gold_and_the_struggles_for_value_s_

Anna Carastathis on democratically guised fascism, the slaughter against refugees & the violence against all subalterns

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Dr Anna Carastathis wrote one more excellent piece of academic analysis and human integrity. Must read.

https://www.academia.edu/30561215/Graveyards_Beneath_Intersections_Reflections_in_Anger_from_an_Aegean_Horizon

 

Collective viewings of value(s) and the struggle for what is valuable – The Case of Grassroots Initiatives

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Abstract: The article discusses the grassroots approaches to value(s) and valuing(s) as encountered in several schemes which exist in Greece over the last few years and whose members perform transactions without the use of any official currency. The main scope of the article is to explore the theoretical issues that emerge from the grassroots practices and analyse ways by which those practices challenge or even defy the dominant economic structures, perceptions and theories about value. Given that the theoretical issues emerge from field research and findings, empirical data on ethnographic nature are used to contribute to the discussion and place the questions within their historical and practical contexts. The variety of practices itself informs the theoretical debate about the multiple ways people might think of and use ideas about value in their economic activity.

 

Link to JSTOR  for institutional access

 

ΜΑΓΕΙΡΙΚΟΙ ΑΓΩΝΕΣ ΣΤΑ ΚΡΗΤΙΚΑ ΠΑΡΑΜΥΘΙΑ : ΥΠΟΣΚAΠΤΟΝΤΑΣ ΤΗΝ ΠΑΤΡΙΑΡΧΙΑ & ΣΦΥΡΗΛΑΤΩΝΤΑΣ ΑΛΛΗΛΕΓΓΥΗ ΜΕΤΑΞΥ ΓΥΝΑΙΚΩΝ

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Διαθέσιμη ήδη η μετάφραση της μελέτης που παρουσιάστηκε το 2015 στο 3ο Συμπόσιο Eλληνικής Γαστρονομίας
https://www.academia.edu/27443350/%CE%9C%CE%91%CE%93%CE%95%CE%99%CE%A1%CE%99%CE%9A%CE%9F%CE%99_%CE%91%CE%93%CE%A9%CE%9D%CE%95%CE%A3_%CE%A3%CE%A4%CE%91_%CE%9A%CE%A1%CE%97%CE%A4%CE%99%CE%9A%CE%91_%CE%A0%CE%91%CE%A1%CE%91%CE%9C%CE%A5%CE%98%CE%99%CE%91_%CE%A5%CE%A0%CE%9F%CE%A3%CE%9AA%CE%A0%CE%A4%CE%9F%CE%9D%CE%A4%CE%91%CE%A3_%CE%A4%CE%97%CE%9D_%CE%A0%CE%91%CE%A4%CE%A1%CE%99%CE%91%CE%A1%CE%A7%CE%99%CE%91_and_%CE%A3%CE%A6%CE%A5%CE%A1%CE%97%CE%9B%CE%91%CE%A4%CE%A9%CE%9D%CE%A4%CE%91%CE%A3_%CE%91%CE%9B%CE%9B%CE%97%CE%9B%CE%95%CE%93%CE%93%CE%A5%CE%97_%CE%9C%CE%95%CE%A4%CE%91%CE%9E%CE%A5_%CE%93%CE%A5%CE%9D%CE%91%CE%99%CE%9A%CE%A9%CE%9D

Cooking struggles in Cretan folktales: Undermining patriarchy & forging solidarity among women

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Finally, the full text of the conference paper is available online

https://www.academia.edu/27163108/Cooking_struggles_in_Cretan_folktales_Undermining_patriarchy_and_forging_solidarity_among_women

Abstract

The paper is part of a larger research project concerning grassroots economics, i.e. theory and practice, which exist among everyday people and communities, in spaces which are more informed by everyday communal life and/or social movements than by established economic thinking. Folktales, therefore, are one among the sources I use for learning and  understanding grassroots economics.
In this paper, I analyse folktales within the framework of capitalist patriarchy having in mind that the folktales draw ideas and resistance stories from social struggles and  arrangements that might be non-capitalist and/or non-patriarchal at the same time. My case studies are various folktales from the island of Crete, Greece, and the main research question is how kitchen work performed by women is valued and perceived through local folktales and how the folk narratives of women’s kitchen tasks raise issues about the possibilities for fighting back patriarchal rules and enhancing solidarity among women.
The next section presents the theoretical framework of analysis and section three explains how folktales function as sources of grassroots economics. The research questions and the method of analysis are presented in section four and section five examines the main themes emerging in Cretan folktales with reference to women’s work and action in the kitchen. In section six I discuss how the themes answer or illustrate better the research questions and the concluding remarks are presented in section seven.

Solidarity, grassroots initiatives and power relations – Αλληλεγγύη, δομές βάσης και σχέσεις εξουσίας

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The article is accessible at http://wer.worldeconomicsassociation.org/papers/solidarity-grassroots-initiatives-and-power-relations/

and the Abstract is:

Although solidarity is not a recent phenomenon, the emergence of new or re-invented forms of production and sharing that are based on that principle, has raised again several burning questions of what solidarity is and how far it can go, particularly under circumstances that may prove devastating for individuals, households and communities. The present paper is a result of both theoretical and empirical research regarding several types of grassroots initiatives which have functioned in Greece during the last six years. It investigates solidarity-related economic structures in order to clarify related questions, shows the complexity of practiced solidarity, identifies the main lines where solidarity might collide with power at the expense of the disadvantaged, and explores possible means of preventing power from invading those structures and thereby interfering with the survival of people and their communities.

Το άρθρο δημοσιεύθηκε πολύ πρόσφατα και είναι στα αγγλικά, προσβάσιμο εδώ http://wer.worldeconomicsassociation.org/papers/solidarity-grassroots-initiatives-and-power-relations/

Περίληψη

Μολονότι η αλληλεγγύη δεν είναι πρόσφατο φαινόμενο, η εμφάνιση νέων ανα-εφευρημένων μορφών παραγωγής και ανταλλαγής που βασίζονται στην εν λόγω αρχή, έθεσε και πάλι διάφορα φλέγοντα ερωτήματα ως προς το τί είναι αλληλεγγύη και σε ποιά έκταση μπορεί να φτάσει, ιδιαίτερα από συνθήκες που μπορεί να αποδειχθούν καταστροφικές για ανθρώπους, νοικοκυριά και κοινότητες. Η παρούσα μελέτη είναι αποτέλεσμα θεωρητικής και εμπειρικής έρευνας σχετικά με διάφορους τύπους πρωτοβουλιών βάσης που λειτουργούν στην Ελλάδα κατά τη διάρκεια των τελευταίων έξι ετών. Διερευνά τις οικονομικές δομές που σχετίζονται με την αλληλεγγύη προκειμένου να αποσαφηνίσει σχετικές ερωτήσεις, δείχνει την πολυπλοκότητα της αλληλεγγύης στην πράξη, εντοπίζει τις κύριες γραμμές όπου η αλληλεγγύη θα μπορούσε να συγκρούεται με την εξουσία εις βάρος των πιο αδυνάμων, και διερευνά πιθανούς τρόπους να αποτραπεί η εξουσία από το να εισβάλει στις εν λόγω δομές παρεμβαίνοντας έτσι στην επιβίωση των ανθρώπων και των κοινοτήτων τους.

 

 

 

Η ελληνική οικονομία ως αποτυχία της καπιταλιστικής πατριαρχίας & η επιλογή της δυστοπίας

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Πρόκειται για μετάφραση της μελέτης που υπάρχει ήδη στα αγγλικά ως Greek economy as a failure of capitalist patriarchy and the choice of dystopia (2014).

https://www.academia.edu/16630179/%CE%97_%CE%B5%CE%BB%CE%BB%CE%B7%CE%BD%CE%B9%CE%BA%CE%AE_%CE%BF%CE%B9%CE%BA%CE%BF%CE%BD%CE%BF%CE%BC%CE%AF%CE%B1_%CF%89%CF%82_%CE%B1%CF%80%CE%BF%CF%84%CF%85%CF%87%CE%AF%CE%B1_%CF%84%CE%B7%CF%82_%CE%BA%CE%B1%CF%80%CE%B9%CF%84%CE%B1%CE%BB%CE%B9%CF%83%CF%84%CE%B9%CE%BA%CE%AE%CF%82_%CF%80%CE%B1%CF%84%CF%81%CE%B9%CE%B1%CF%81%CF%87%CE%AF%CE%B1%CF%82_%CE%BA%CE%B1%CE%B9_%CE%B7_%CE%B5%CF%80%CE%B9%CE%BB%CE%BF%CE%B3%CE%AE_%CF%84%CE%B7%CF%82_%CE%B4%CF%85%CF%83%CF%84%CE%BF%CF%80%CE%AF%CE%B1%CF%82

English text

https://www.academia.edu/8884091/Greek_economy_as_a_failure_of_capitalist_patriarchy_and_the_choice_of_dystopia

Prices in parallel currency – Τιμές σε παράλληλο νόμισμα

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Μόλις δημοσιεύθηκε και στο περιοδικό IJCCR, το άρθρο-μελέτη για τις τιμές στο Δίκτυο Ανταλλαγών Χανίων!

https://ijccr.files.wordpress.com/2015/03/ijccr-2015-sotiropolou.pdf

Στο ίδιο τεύχος υπάρχουν εξαιρετικές μελέτες από συναδέλφους από όλον τον κόσμο:

http://ijccr.net/2015/03/12/2015-special-issue-multiple-moneys-and-development/