Paper published in Economic Alternatives journal, vol 12, no 3, pp. 419-434.
The paper stems from a greater project on economic history concerning the monetary system and policies of medieval and renaissance Venice, with a special focus on Venice’s colony of Crete. The Venetian monetary system included various currencies, both minted and virtual, and it was intertwined with the currencies that already existed or appeared in the Eastern Mediterranean during the Venetian imperial era. I examine actual historical examples through the lenses of both mainstream and heterodox monetary theories in order to show the complexity of monetary practices under real conditions and how the available monetary theories need further sophistication in order to explain and systemize our understanding of monetary phenomena.
To make the research inquiry clearer, I focus on two examples that seem to run counter to what current assumptions about monetary structures:
One case is that of the Byzantine yperpyron, a golden coin of the Eastern Roman Empire which seems to survive in Crete island, both the Venetian rule (starting in early 13th century) and the end of the Byzantine Empire itself (in 1453) and remained in circulation, mostly as a virtual currency or accounting unit, until 17th century, together with various other currencies circulating in the island.
The other case is the Venetian ducat itself, a golden coin minted by Venice from late 13th century onwards and well known for its quality of gold and value in international trade in both Mediterranean and Europe. Yet, it seems that the Venetians preferred to use other international currencies in domestic trade. There has been evidence that in some cases the never-debased golden ducat was not accepted in local transactions.
The paper attempts to set the grounds for further investigation and discussion concerning monetary phenomena and the issues those raise for monetary theory.
Keywords: Venice, Crete, monetary history, yperpyron, ducat, monetary theory
JEL Codes: B50, E42, N13, N23, P4, P5.
Άρθρο που γράψαμε από κοινού με την Καθ. Μαρία Δασκαλάκη (University of Roehampton) και την Καθ. Μαριάννα Φωτάκη (University of Warwick) και δημοσιεύθηκε πρόσφατα στην επιθεώρηση Organisation Studies, 2018 – Online first.
This is a paper co-authored with Prof. Maria Daskalaki (University of Roehampton) and Marianna Fotaki (University of Warwick) and published at Organisation Studies, 2018 – Online first.
This article discusses solidarity economy initiatives as instances of grassroots organizing, and explores how ‘values practices’ are performed collectively during times of crisis. In focusing on how power, discourse and subjectivities are negotiated in the everyday practices of grassroots exchange networks (GENs) in crisis-stricken Greece, the study unveils and discusses three performances of values practices, namely mobilization of values, re-articulation of social relations, and sustainable living. Based on these findings, and informed by theoretical analyses of performativity, we propose a framework for studying the production and reproduction of values in the context of GENs, and the role of values in organizing alternatives.
Keywords: financial crisis, Gibson-Graham, grassroots exchange network (GEN), Greece, Judith Butler, performance, values practices
This is the presentation for the paper “Persistent food shortages in Venetian Crete: A first hypothesis”, presented at the 2nd COMPOT workshop “Explaining famines, defining responsibilities”, held in Turku, Finland on 12-15.1.2017. The paper will be available in a few months.
Αυτή είναι η παρουσίαση για την μελέτη “Επαναλαμβανόμενες διατροφικές ελλείψεις στη βενετική Κρήτη: Μια πρώτη υπόθεση εργασίας” που παρουσιάστηκε στο 2ο εργαστήριο COMPOT “Εξηγώντας τους λιμούς, ορίζοντας ευθύνες” που έλαβε χώρα στο Τούρκου της Φινλανδάς, την 12-15.1.2017. Η πλήρης μελέτη θα είναι διαθέσιμη σε μερικούς μήνες.